4 most popular Types of Coffee Beans.
Coffee beans are actually fruit seeds found inside bright red berries. The word ‘coffee’ comes from the Arabic term for ‘wine of the bean.’ The legend goes that Ethiopian shepherds noticed that their goats became energized after consuming coffee berries. A monk then drank the berries and discovered that the beverage kept him alert.
By the 16th century, the cultivation of coffee beans had spread to Yemen, Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey.
Coffee is next only to crude oil when it comes to the world’s most traded commodity. Global consumption reaches approximately 2.25 billion cups of coffee each day. The best climates for growing coffee beans are known as The Bean Belt and this includes Papua New Guinea, Brazil, Sumatra, Honduras, Peru, Guatemala, Colombia, and Ethiopia.
Grown mainly in countries straddling the equator there are two main types of coffee beans: Arabica and Robusta. A third, Liberica, native to western and central Africa, is less commercially available. Excelsa coffee beans, thought to be a category unto themselves, have recently been reclassified as part of the Liberica family.
There is roughly about 26 different know species of coffee beans
1.Arabica 2.Bourbon 3.Catimor 4.Catuai 5.Caturra 6.Excelsa 7.Geisha 8.Icatu 9.Jackson 10.Jamaican Blue Mountain 11.Jember 12.Kent 13.Kona 14.Liberica15.Maracatu 16.Maragogype 17.Mocha 18.Mundo Novo 19.Pacacmara 20.Pacas21.Pache 22.Robusta 23.Ruiru 24.SL-28/SL-34 25.Villa Sarchi 26.Villalobos
But here are the 4 most popular
Arabica: Cultivated in the Americas, Africa and Asia. Produces low acidity and medium to high body blends.
Robusta: Cultivated in Africa or Asia. Stronger and denser than Arabica. Focused on body, although can also be used to make lower-quality blends.
Liberica: Cultivated in Southeast Asia. Focused on body and finishes light on the palate compared to other coffee types. A “woody” flavor and fruity aroma would be the best terms to describe Liberica beans.
Excelsa: Cultivated in Africa and Southeast Asia. Part of the Liberica family but has a distinct flavor. Excelsa features a tangy, fruitier flavor and is noted for showcasing attributes of both light and dark roast coffees